# Infected? - math puzzle

Suppose that 1 out of 1000 people of a specific country are infected with the deadly X-virus. An inhabitant of that country goes the hospital and gives some blood for a survey. Her blood is checked on the X-virus by a test which gives a correct outcome in 99% of the cases. The test points out that the woman is infected. After the investigation, a doctor tells the woman that he is 99% sure that she is infected with the X-virus. Can the doctor be right by making this worrying statement? |

# 2=1? - math puzzle

Suppose: a = b

It then follows that

a * a = a * b

a^2 = a * b

a^2 - b^2 = a * b - b^2

(a - b) * (a + b) = (a - b) * b

a + b = b

a + a = a

2 * a = 1 * a

2 = 1

Is this derivation really correct? Or is there somewhere a mistake? If so, where?

It then follows that

a * a = a * b

a^2 = a * b

a^2 - b^2 = a * b - b^2

(a - b) * (a + b) = (a - b) * b

a + b = b

a + a = a

2 * a = 1 * a

2 = 1

Is this derivation really correct? Or is there somewhere a mistake? If so, where?

# Also having birthday today? - math puzzle

Out of how many people should a group at least consist in order to have that the probability that two persons out of that group are having birthday on the same day, is larger than 1/2? |